Discussão Científica – Litíase Renal – Profª Julie Lobo – Artigo 12
Kidney Stone Disease: An Update on Current Concepts
Kidney stone disease is a crystal concretion formed usually within the kidneys. It is an increasing urological disorder of human health, a3ecting about 12% of the world population. It has been associated with an increased risk of end-stage renal failure. ,e etiology of kidney stone is multifactorial. ,e most common type of kidney stone is calcium oxalate formed at Randall’s plaque on the renal papillary surfaces. ,e mechanism of stone ...
Discussão Científica – Litíase Renal – Profª Julie Lobo – Artigo 11
Dietary and lifestyle factors for primary prevention of nephrolithiasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Background: Dietary and lifestyle factors may play an important role in the increasing prevalence of nephrolithiasis.
We aimed to review and quantify the associations between lifestyle factors and incident nephrolithiasis and suggest
lifestyle changes for the primary prevention of nephrolithiasis.
Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched up to May ...
Discussão Científica – Litíase Renal – Profª Julie Lobo – Artigo 10
Whey protein and albumin effects upon urinary risk factors
for stone formation
Abstract Protein supplements are consumed for an expected increase in muscle mass and improved exercise
performance, but as their impact on lithogenic parameters are unknown, we aimed to evaluate the effects of Whey
protein (WP) and Albumin upon the risk factors for nephrolithiasis. WP or Albumin supplements (one scoop/day)
were administered for 3 days to 18 healthy volunteers, with 1-week washout period ...
Discussão Científica – Litíase Renal – Profª Julie Lobo – Artigo 9
“Green Smoothie Cleanse” Causing Acute Oxalate Nephropathy
Oxalate nephropathy is an uncommon condition that causes acute kidney injury with the potential for progression to end-stage renal disease. Diagnosis is based on the kidney biopsy findings of abundant polarizable calcium oxalate crystals in the epithelium and lumen of renal tubules. We report a case of acute oxalate nephropathy in a 65-year-old woman, temporally associated with the consumption of an oxalate-rich green smoothie ...
Discussão Científica – Litíase Renal – Profª Julie Lobo – Artigo 8
The Efficacy of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids as Protectors against Calcium Oxalate Renal Stone
Formation: A Review
Abstract: In the pathogenesis of hypercalciuria and hyperoxaluria, n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been implicated by virtue of their metabolic links with arachidonic acid (AA) and prostaglandin PGE2. Studies have also shown that n-3 PUFAs, particularly those in fish oil—eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)—can serve as competitive substr...
Discussão Científica – Litíase Renal – Profª Julie Lobo – Artigo 7
Mediterranean diet adherence and risk of incident kidney stones
Background: Diet plays an important role in kidney stone formation. Several individual components have been associated with the risk of kidney stone formation, but there is limited evidence regarding the role of healthful dietary patterns.
Objective: To prospectively study the association between adherence to theMediterranean diet and the risk of incident kidney stones.
Methods: We conducted a longitudinal study ...
Discussão Científica – Litíase Renal – Profª Julie Lobo – Artigo 6
Which Diet for Calcium Stone Patients: A Real-World Approach to Preventive Care
Abstract: Kidney stone disease should be viewed as a systemic disorder, associated with or predictive of hypertension, insulin resistance, chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular damage. Dietary and lifestyle changes represent an important strategy for the prevention of kidney stone recurrences and cardiovascular damage. A full screening of risk factors for kidney stones and for cardiovascular damage should be ...
Discussão Científica – Litíase Renal – Profª Julie Lobo – Artigo 5
Nutrition and Kidney Stone Disease
Abstract: The prevalence of kidney stone disease is increasing worldwide. The recurrence rate of urinary stones is estimated to be up to 50%. Nephrolithiasis is associated with increased risk of chronic and end stage kidney disease. Diet composition is considered to play a crucial role in urinary stone formation. There is strong evidence that an inadequate fluid intake is the major dietary risk factor for urolithiasis. While the benefit of high fluid intake ...
Discussão Científica – Litíase Renal – Profª Julie Lobo – Artigo 4
Nutritional Management of Kidney Stones (Nephrolithiasis)
The incidence of kidney stones is common in the United States and treatments for them are very costly. This review article provides information about epidemiology, mechanism, diagnosis, and pathophysiology of kidney stone formation, and methods for the evaluation of stone risks for new and follow-up patients. Adequate evaluation and management can prevent recurrence of stones. Kidney stone prevention should be individualized in both ...