Artigos Científicos 760 results

Nutrição e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 – Artigo 20

Zinc Intake and Status and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Abstract: Zinc could have a protective role against type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between dietary, supplementary, and total zinc intake, as well as serum/plasma and whole blood zinc concentration, and risk of T2DM. Observational studies, conducted on cases of incident diabetes or T2DM patients and healthy subje...

Nutrição e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 – Artigo 19

Vitamins and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Abstract: The present review evaluates the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and individual or combined vitamins. Antioxidant vitamins A, C and E are found decreased in diabetic subjects, possibly due to an increased need to control the excessive oxidative stress produced by abnormalities in glucose metabolism. On the other hand, retinol binding protein exerts a modulating effect, as it has adipokine functions. With respect to the B group ...

Nutrição e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 – Artigo 18

Vitamin D Status, Calcium Intake and Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes: An Unresolved Issue Abstract: The relationship between vitamin D status, calcium intake and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a topic of growing interest. One of the most interesting non-skeletal functions of vitamin D is its potential role in glucose homeostasis. This possible association is related to the secretion of insulin by pancreatic beta cells, insulin resistance in different tissues and ...

Nutrição e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 – Artigo 17

The Effects of Oral Magnesium Supplementation on Glycemic Response among Type 2 Diabetes Patients Abstract: Background: Magnesium (Mg) supplementation may help control glycemic response among type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. Objective: This study means to determine whether Mg supplementation improves glycemic control indicators in patients with T2D. Methods: After one week of the dietary stabilization phase, 42 T2D patients were stratified according to sex, age, fasting blood sugar ...

Nutrição e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 – Artigo 16

The Effect of Probiotic Yogurt on Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes or Obesity: A Meta-Analysis of Nine Randomized Controlled Trials Abstract: Probiotic yogurt is suggested as a nutritional approach in type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of probiotic yogurt on glycemic outcomes in T2D or obesity. The databases used to search for RCTs included Medline and Scopus. The RCTs ...

Nutrição e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 – Artigo 15

Targeting the Zinc Transporter ZIP7 in the Treatment of Insulin Resistance and Type 2 Diabetes Abstract: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a disease associated with dysfunctional metabolic processes that lead to abnormally high levels of blood glucose. Preceding the development of T2DM is insulin resistance (IR), a disorder associated with suppressed or delayed responses to insulin. The effects of this response are predominately mediated through aberrant cell signalling processes and ...

Nutrição e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 – Artigo 14

Selenium and Type 2 Diabetes: Systematic Review Abstract: Several studies have investigated the potential role of selenium (Se) in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with disparate findings. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesize the evidence of any association between Se and T2D. PubMed, Embase, and Scopus were searched following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis Approach (PRISMA). Sixteen studies from 15 papers met ...

Nutrição e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 – Artigo 13

Relación entre calidad de vida, actividad física, alimentación y control glucémico con la sarcopenia de adultos mayores con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 Resumen Introducción: la sarcopenia se define como la pérdida de masa muscular y su deterioro funcional asociado a la edad, por lo que tiene un alto impacto sobre la calidad de vida. Sin embargo, la prevalencia de la sarcopenia en diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) no está suficientemente estudiada. Objetivos: analizar la prevalencia de ...

Nutrição e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 – Artigo 12

Prevention and Management of Type 2 Diabetes: Dietary Components and Nutritional Strategies  Summary In the past couple of decades, evidence from prospective observational studies and clinical trials has converged to support the importance of individual nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. The quality of dietary fats and carbohydrates consumed is more crucial than the quantity of these macronutrients. Diets rich in whole grains,...

Nutrição e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 – Artigo 11

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Risk of Incident Type 2 Diabetes: Role of Circulating Branched-Chain Amino Acids Abstract: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is likely to be associated with elevated plasma branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and may precede the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We hypothesized that BCAAs may be involved in the pathogenesis of T2D attributable to NAFLD and determined the extent to which plasma BCAAs influence T2D development in NAFLD. We ...