Artigos Científicos 640 results

Nutrição e Osteoporose – Artigo 20

Vitamin K2 Therapy for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis Abstract: Vitamin K may play an important role in the prevention of fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Menatetrenone is the brand name of a synthetic vitamin K2 that is chemically identical to menaquinone-4. The present review study aimed to clarify the effect of menatetrenone on the skeleton in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, by reviewing the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the literature. ...

Nutrição e Osteoporose – Artigo 19

Vitamin D and osteoporosis in chronic kidney disease Abstract Osteoporotic fractures are common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Morbidity and mortality are higher in CKD patients with a fracture than in the general population. The assessment of bone mineral density for fracture prediction may be useful at all CKD stages. It should be considered when this influences treatment decisions. Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with CKD, particularly in patients with ...

Nutrição e Osteoporose – Artigo 18

 Vitamin D and Calcium Are Required during Denosumab Treatment in Osteoporosis with Rheumatoid Arthritis Abstract: The aim of this 12-month retrospective study was to evaluate differences in the outcomes of denosumab alone or denosumab combined with vitamin D and calcium supplementation in patients having osteoporosis (OP) with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients were divided into the denosumab monotherapy group (denosumab group, 22 cases) or denosumab plus vitamin D supplementation...

Nutrição e Osteoporose – Artigo 17

The Association between the Consumption of Fish/Shellfish and the Risk of Osteoporosis in Men and Postmenopausal Women Aged 50 Years or Older Abstract: Fish rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have been suggested to have a favorable effect on bone health, but previous epidemiologic studies have shown inconsistent results. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the hypothesis that the consumption of fish and shellfish is positively associated with bone mass and negatively ...

Nutrição e Osteoporose – Artigo 16

Risk of Sarcopenia and Osteoporosis in Male Tuberculosis Survivors: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Short-term prospective studies have suggested that pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) preludes permanent loss of lean tissue and fat mass even when TB treatment is effective. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of sarcopenia and osteoporosis among Korean male TB survivors. Data of the population-based, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ...

Nutrição e Osteoporose – Artigo 15

PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF OSTEOPOROSIS IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS SUMMARY Objective: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are at increased risk of fractures. The aim of this study is to analyze the prevalence and risk factors of osteoporosis and osteoporosis related fractures in postmenopausal women with T2DM. Methods: A total of 112 postmenopausal women with T2DM and 171 control nondiabetic women received a standardized questionnaire on osteoporosis risk ...

Nutrição e Osteoporose – Artigo 14

Parathyroid Hormone and Parathyroid Hormone-related Protein Analogs in Osteoporosis Therapy Abstract Purpose—To review the efficacy and optimal use of parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone-related protein analogs in osteoporosis treatment. Recent findings—The parathyroid hormone analog teriparatide, a potent stimulator of bone remodeling, increases hip and spine bone mineral density and reduces the risk of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures in postmenopausal osteoporotic ...

Nutrição e Osteoporose – Artigo 13

Oxidative Stress-Related Biomarkers in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses Numerous studies suggested that oxidative stress (OS) played a central role in the onset and development of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PO); however, conflicting results were obtained as to the association of OS-related biomarkers and PO. This metaanalysis aimed to identify the association between these markers and PO, and explore factors that may explain the inconsistencies in ...

Nutrição e Osteoporose – Artigo 12

Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia in Older Age Abstract Osteoporosis and sarcopenia are common in older age and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Consequently, they are both attended by a considerable socioeconomic burden. Osteoporosis was defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 1994 as a bone mineral density of less than 2.5 standard deviations below the sex-specific young adult mean and this characterisation has been adopted globally. Subsequently, a further ...

Nutrição e Osteoporose – Artigo 11

Osteoporosis and fracture risk in older people Introduction Until the 1940s, when Albright associated osteoporosis with a defect of bone anabolism, it was not considered a disease entity but an inevitable consequence of the ageing process for which there was little remedy.1 Bisphosphonates, first synthesised in the 1800s but in clinical use only since the 1960s, demonstrated that this process of age-related decline in bone was, in fact, modifi able.2 More recently, a wealth of basic ...