year : 2016 194 results

Ano 16. edição 68 – Revista de Nutrição Funcional

Em Nutrição Esportiva Funcional, iremos abordar as considerações nutricionais para atletas de luta e os efeitos do jejum intermitente no emagrecimento, dois assuntos relevantes e cada vez mais estudados e discutidos pela comunidade científica. Por fim, na área de Fitoterapia Funcional, uma revisão sobre a silimarina, composto bioativo presente na planta Silibum marianum, mostrará seus efeitos sobre a doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica, enriquecendo os conhecimentos para a prática clínica. Esta edição ainda conta com uma importante matéria sobre a trágica escalada do uso ...

Dieta Paleo – Artigo 18

Subjective satiety and other experiences of a Paleolithic diet compared to a diabetes diet in patients with type 2 diabetes Background: We found marked improvement of glycemic control and several cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes given advice to follow a Paleolithic diet, as compared to a diabetes diet. We now report findings on subjective ratings of satiety at meal times and participants’ other experiences of the two diets from the same study

Dieta Paleo – Artigo 17

Paleolithic nutrition for metabolic syndrome: systematic review and meta-analysis Background: Paleolithic nutrition, which has attracted substantial public attention lately because of its putative health benefits, differs radically from dietary patterns currently recommended in guidelines, particularly in terms of its recommendation to exclude grains, dairy, and nutritional products of industry.

Dieta Paleo – Artigo 16

Paleolithic and Mediterranean Diet Pattern Scores and Risk of Incident, Sporadic Colorectal Adenomas The Western dietary pattern is associated with higher risk of colorectal neoplasms. Evolutionary discordance could explain this association.We investigated associations of scores for 2 proposed diet patterns, the “Paleolithic” and the Mediterranean, with incident, sporadic colorectal adenomas in a case-control study of colorectal polyps conducted in Minnesota (1991–1994). Persons with no prior history of colorectal neoplasms completed comprehensive questionnaires prior to elective, ...

Dieta Paleo – Artigo 15

Neandertal versus Modern Human Dietary Responses to Climatic Fluctuations The Neandertal lineage developed successfully throughout western Eurasia and effectively survived the harsh and severely changing environments of the alternating glacial/interglacial cycles from the middle of the Pleistocene until Marine Isotope Stage 3. Yet, towards the end of this stage, at the time of deteriorating climatic conditions that eventually led to the Last Glacial Maximum, and soon after modern humans entered western Eurasia, the Neandertals disappeared. Western Eurasia was by then exclusively ...

Dieta Paleo – Artigo 14

Natural environments, ancestral diets, and microbial ecology: is there a modern “paleo-deficit disorder”? Part I Famed microbiologist René J. Dubos (1901–1982) was an early pioneer in the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) construct. In the 1960s, he conducted groundbreaking experimental research concerning the ways in which early-life experience with nutrition, microbiota, stress, and other environmental variables could influence later-life health outcomes. He also wrote extensively on potential health consequences of a progressive loss of contact with natural ...

Dieta Paleo – Artigo 13

Impacts of Plant-Based Foods in Ancestral Hominin Diets on the Metabolism and Function of Gut Microbiota In Vitro Ancestral human populations had diets containing more indigestible plant material than present-day diets in industrialized countries. One hypothesis for the rise in prevalence of obesity is that physiological mechanisms for controlling appetite evolved to match a diet with plant fiber content higher than that of present-day diets. We investigated how diet affects gut microbiota and colon cells by comparing human microbial communities with those from a primate that has an ...

Dieta Paleo – Artigo 13

Hype or Reality: Should Patients with Metabolic Syndromerelated NAFLD be on the Hunter-Gatherer (Paleo) Diet to Decrease Morbidity? The current Western diet figures centrally in the pathogenesis of several chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and the emerging major health problem nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, all of them negatively impacting on life expectancy. This type of diet is represented by a high calorie uptake, high glycemic load, high fat and meat intake, as well as increased consumption of fructose. On the contrary, a simplified way of ...

Dieta Paleo – Artigo 12

From lifetime to evolution: timescales of human gut microbiota adaptation Human beings harbor gut microbial communities that are essential to preserve human health. Molded by the human genome, the gut microbiota (GM) is an adaptive component of the human superorganisms that allows host adaptation at different timescales, optimizing host physiology from daily life to lifespan scales and human evolutionary history. The GM continuously changes from birth up to the most extreme limits of human life, reconfiguring its metagenomic layout in response to daily variations in diet or specific ...

Dieta Paleo – Artigo 11

Favourable effects of consuming a Palaeolithictype diet on characteristics of the metabolic syndrome: a randomized controlled pilot-study Abstract Background: The main goal of this randomized controlled single-blinded pilot study was to study whether, independent of weight loss, a Palaeolithic-type diet alters characteristics of the metabolic syndrome. Next we searched for outcome variables that might become favourably influenced by a Paleolithic-type diet and may provide new insights in the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the metabolic syndrome. In addition, more information ...